Butter Flies

How to attract Butterflies
Butterflies have lost a lot of habitat . They like a sunny location with low brushy growth. Butterflies need bright sunshine to warm their bodies. They love flowers too, and feed from the nectar with a funny mouth part called a proboscis( it is like their tongue). I think it would be great to set up a butterfly garden with your hummingbird garden..Different types of butterflies like different types of plants . All butterflies need water too especially when it is hot. They can even drink from damp ground.

So if your ready for your butterfly garden, keep these things in mind. Butterflies need sunlight, their body has to be warmed by the sun to about 82 degrees to fly. Butterflies like a sheltered area with not much wind since they are delicate and can be blown around a bit. They need close access to shady areas too in the middle of the summer when it gets very hot so they don't get overheated. They love nectar like hummingbirds do. Pick plants that bloom at different times so that there is nectar available in the spring summer and fall. Fruit trees help too, lots of butterflies like rotting fruit. You can even put out those rotting bananas that you forgot to eat, this works like a charm. They also love watermelon, pears,and peaches.

My Best Butterfly plants

Perennials

Butterfly Bush- A must have!!!!!!!, Works better than any plant we have in our yard. It comes in yellow and purple

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Butterfly weed- another must have!!!!

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coneflower-another charm, the butterflies in my yard with drink here over all other plants I have when they are in bloom

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Asters- another perennial that works great.

lavender- seems to be favored by my cabbage whites

globe thistle  - I love this one too

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Catepillar Plants

You should consider planyting some catepillar foods too, like parsely , dill, milkweed, nettle, violets, spicebush, hackberry,turtlehead and pipevine

Fun Butterfly Facts

Butterflies help as much as bees in pollination

Many butterflies have a lot of black to help them soak up sunlight.

The color on a butterflies wings comes from hundreds of different color scales.

You can tell a moth from a butterfly by the the knob on the end of a butterflies antennae. Moths don't have these

Butterflies can see, smell and taste. They use their feet to taste and antennae to smell!!!

Some butterflies are poisonous and these are usually very colorful ones. The poison comes from the food it ate when it was a caterpillar. The Monarch Butterfly is poisonous. Other butterflies mimic the patterns of poisonous butterflies because birds stay away from them.

The South American rain forest has more butterflies than any place else in the world

ature Eye Notes

You need to look for butterflies on bright sunny days usually when the temperature is above 55 degrees. Calm days with no wind are best.  Edges of fields, backyard wildflower gardens , parks   are all great places. Butterflies are most active after the sun has warmed them enough and are active all day as long as it is not too hot like the middle of a July day.

Butterflies I have seen in my NJ Yard

As with all my images just click on it to see it bigger

 The Angel wing Group

These butterflies are named this because of the shape of their wings

Question Mark Butterfly

beleive it or not when this butterfly closes its wings it looks like the colors of a dead leaf

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The Swallowtail Group

SPICEBUSH SWALLOWTAIL

5/8/99

These butterflies like spicebush, milkweed and clover. They are found in the eastern United States and Canada, they like wooded areas meadows and gardens. They love my cornflower too.

butterfly1a.bmp (35753 bytes)

5/9/99

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An Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

These are found in all eastern forests. The caterpillars eat cherry and tulip tree.. This one was sitting on our mulch which my Mom had just watered. It was a bright sunny day. There were three in all and I could get really close. They are very fond of my butterfly bush, liatris ,coneflower and globe thistle

butterfly2.bmp (36636 bytes) tigerside.bmp (44093 bytes) buerflybushswallow.bmp (46189 bytes)

 

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Pearl Crescentspot

5/15/99

These butterflies are small only about 1-11/2 inches, They are found all over the United states and parts of Canada. They like asters and thistle, and even like to land on my Mom's toe

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The Whites Group

Female White Cabbage Butterfly

These butterflies like the mustard family of plants

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The Blues Group

Eastern Tailed Blue

6/19/99

It was very tiny about 1/2 inch big across it's wings. They are from the Blue family of butterflies. The eastern tailed blue has small orange spots at the base of its lower wing.

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Spring Azure

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The Skipper Group

Fiery Skipper

These butterflies are from the family of skippers. They are small and are usually colored orange to brown. The dart about the garden very fast. They are really something between a moth and a butterfly. Here one is drinking from a cornflower and the other resting on autumn sedum.

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Silver Spotted Skipper

Drinking nectar from a butterfly bush

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unknown skipper

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The Fritillaries Group

This group needs violets for their larva. They grow wild here where I live and thrive in the shade. .The name means "Dice Box" , they are named this because of the orange and black spotted pattern they all have. The adults sip from many nectar plants

Meadow Fritillary

MeadowFritillaries.bmp (31392 bytes) fritunderside.bmp (40124 bytes)

The Hairstreak Group

All of these group have a orange or red spot at their tail. This is for protection of this tiny butterfly. It is suppose to look like a head. So if they are attacked their tail will be bitten and not their real head.

A Gray Hairstreak

It is hard to see but notice the two small dots at the tail

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Red Banded Hairstreak

These small butterflies are more common in the southern United States , I believe NJ is the farthest north they go

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The Milkweed Butterfly Group

The Monarch

This is the first Monarch I saw this year, 8/4/99. It was drinking from my cornflower mostly.They love gardens with a mass of blooms.( Like mine now:)..) they love goldenrod asters and thistle These butterflies need Milkweed for their larva to grow. They are poisonous butterflies  and many mimic their patterns . Monarchs migrate to Mexico for the winter.

Monarck.bmp (37032 bytes) monarck2.bmp (28452 bytes)

unknown

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Unknown catepillars

They were eating my apple tree leaves , I believe they may be from the skipper family if anyone knows please let me know

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Thank you Scott Kinzie an Indiana State Nursery Inspector for helping me identify this one. It is a moth and is called a Yellow Necked Catepillar. Thanks again for your help!


The Admirals

Red spotted Purple

This butterfly mimics the pipevine swallowtail which is very bad tasting to birds

 

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Red Admiral

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Satyrs Butterfly Group

The catepillars of this group feed on grasses try letting a part of your yard just grow.

Common Wood Nymph

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Common Sootywing

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Help Identify this little Guy!!!!!!!

This little butterfly was very tiny only about a 1/3 of an inch . It was drinking nectar from my Mom's oregano

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American Painted Lady

Notice the two eye spots on undersurface of it's wings

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The hummingbird moth

Many people think these moths are baby hummingbirds, they hover like hummingbirds drinking nectar

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